Materials

Vulcan GMS uses many different materials to create custom products for our customers. Below is a list of some of those materials and their properties.


Lead

General Properties: Lead is a soft, malleable metal but also considered a heavy metal.

Common Alloys: Lead can be blended with multiple metals including antimony, tin, bismuth, and calcium. Although Vulcan GMS can blend any alloy you may need the most common alloys used are below.

  • Image of Lead MaterialPure lead 99.99%
  • Commercially pure 99.9% (per ASTM B-29)
  • .5 % antimony
  • .75% antimony
  • 1% antimony
  • 2% antimony
  • 3% antimony
  • 4% antimony
  • 6% antimony
  • 92% lead/ 6% antimony/ 2% tin
  • Pewter
  • Babbitt

Raw Material Forms

  • Lead ingots
  • Lead sheet & lead plate (.020” – 3” thick)
  • Lead foil (.001 – .020”)
  • Lead blocks & lead castings
  • Lead wire & lead strip
  • Lead tube
  • Lead ingot

Tungsten

General Properties: Tungsten is a hard, rare metal that can be found naturally in chemical compounds.

Common AlloysImage of Tungsten Material

  • Commercially Pure
  • 97% Tungsten / Nickel / Iron
  • 97% Tungsten / Nickel / Copper
  • 95% Tungsten / Nickel / Iron
  • 95% Tungsten / Nickel / Copper
  • 92.5% Tungsten / Nickel / Iron
  • 92.5% Tungsten / Nickel / Copper
  • 90% Tungsten / Nickel / Iron
  • 90% Tungsten / Nickel / Copper

Raw Material Forms

  • Tungsten sheet & plate
  • Tungsten foil
  • Tungsten blocks

Molybdenum

General Properties: Molybdenum is a sintered metal like tungsten with a density of 10.28 g·cm−3.

Image of Molybdenum materialCommon Alloys

  • Commercially pure
  • 360
  • 361
  • 363
  • 364
  • 365
  • 366

Raw Material Forms

  • Molybdenum sheet and plate
  • Molybdenum foil
  • Molybdenum blocks

 


Tin

General Properties: Tin is a silver, malleable metal that is not easily oxidized with air so it is commonly used as a coating to prevent corrosion.

Image of TinCommon Alloys

  • Commercially pure
  • 95% tin / 5% bismuth
  • 90% tin / 10% bismuth
  • 80% tin / 20% bismuth
  • 89% tin / 7% antimony / 4% copper
  • 99.9% pure
  • Solder

Raw Material Forms

  • Tin foil
  • Tin sheet
  • Tin block
  • Tin ingot
  • Tin wire
  • Tin strip
  • Tin bar
  • Tin tube
  • Tin ingot

Bismuth

General Properties: Bismuth is a brittle metal that has low thermal conductivity during heat transfer and high electrical resistance in a magnetic field.

Image of BismuthCommon Alloys

  • Commercially pure
  • 95% tin / 5% bismuth
  • 90% tin / 10% bismuth
  • 80% tin / 20% bismuth
  • 53% bismuth / 32% lead / 15% tin
  • 56% bismuth / 44% lead
  • 40% bismuth / 60% tin
  • 58% bismuth / 42% tin

Raw Material Forms

  • Bismuth sheet and plate
  • Bismuth foil
  • Bismuth block
  • Bismuth ingot
  • Bismuth wire
  • Bismuth strip

Aluminum

General Properties: Aluminum is a soft, silvery metal this is very chemically reactive. It has very low density and is very resistant to corrosion.

Image of AluminumCommon Alloys

  • Commercially pure
  • 6061
  • 6013
  • 6063
  • A356
  • 5052
  • 2024
  • 7075
  • 7050
  • 5086
  • A356
  • A380

Raw Material Forms

  • Aluminum sheet and plate
  • Aluminum foil
  • Aluminum tube
  • Aluminum bar
  • Aluminum rod
  • Aluminum wire

Carbon Steel

General Properties: Steel is an allow or iron and carbon. It is widely used in manufacturing because of its hardness and strength.

Image of Carbon Steel MaterialCommon Alloys

  • 1045
  • 1060
  • 12L14
  • A36
  • 1117
  • AR400
  • A516
  • 1215
  • 1144

Raw Material Forms

  • Steel tube
  • Steel wire
  • Steel plate
  • Steel sheet
  • Steel block
  • Steel bar

Stainless Steel

General Properties: Stainless steel is made up of iron and at least 10.5% chromium. It is resistant to corrosion and more durable than most sheet metals.

Image of Stainless SteelCommon Alloys

  • 301
  • 303
  • 304
  • 309
  • 316
  • 321
  • 416
  • 430
  • 440

Raw Material Forms

  • Stainless steel tube
  • Stainless steel sheet
  • Stainless steel plate

Brass

General Properties: Brass is made up of copper and zinc. It is commonly used as decoration because of its golden appearance.

Image of Brass MaterialCommon Alloys

  • C230
  • C360
  • C464
  • C485
  • Leaded Brass
  • Yellow Brass
  • Red Brass

Raw Material Forms

  • Brass rod
  • Brass tube
  • Brass plate

 


Copper

General Properties: Copper is a soft, malleable metal with high thermal and electrical conductivity. It’s often used as a conductor for heat and electricity.

Image of Copper MaterialCommon Alloys

  • Copper / zinc (brass)
  • Copper / tin (bronze)
  • Copper / tin / aluminum
  • Copper / tin / silicon
  • Copper / nickel

Raw Material Forms

  • Copper tube
  • Copper wire
  • Copper brick
  • Copper spring
  • Copper plate
  • Copper sheet foil
  • Copper block

Plastics

General Properties: Plastics typically refer to a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic materials.

Image of Plastic SheetCommon Plastics

  • ABS
  • Acrylic
  • HDPE
  • LDPE
  • Nylon
  • Peek
  • Polycarbonate
  • Polypropylene

Raw Material Forms

  • Plastic tube
  • Plastic sheet
  • Plastic block